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Stitching techniques for cross stitch

Below is an explanation of the main Ssitching techniques for cross stitch

A single cross stitch

The cross stitch fabric has a grid of holes. The grid in the cross stitch fabric corresponds to squares on the instruction chart.

To make one cross stitch: bring the needle up through hole 1, down through hole 2, then up through hole 3, and finally down through hole 4.

A row of cross stitch

When possible you should do cross stitches in rows, because it is faster.

To make a row of cross stitches, work across the fabric in the order shown numbers 1 - 8 of the diagram and then back to complete the crosses as shown in numbers 9 - 12 of the diagram.

Tip: Do not to join up separate areas of the same colour with long runs of thread at the back of the cloth because you may run out of the thread supplied in the cross stitch kit. You should cut and fasten off your thread at the back as normal, and start again at the new area of the design.

A row of Back Stitch

Back stitch is often used to outline the edges of objects. They are marked on the chart by solid lines.

Back stitches are normally done after the cross stitch has been completed.

To make a row of straight back stitches:
(See diagram) Bring the needle up at 1, down at 2, up at 3, and down at 1 again.

To make diagonal back stitches perform numbers 7 and 8 shown in the diagram.

French Knot

The French knot is a raised stitch used to add tiny details, such as eyes, flower centres and berries or to add texture to large areas of cross stitch.

Bring the thread out at the required hole; then encircle the needle with the thread. Puncture the cloth by inserting the needle close to where the thread first emerged (note: do not insert it through the hole where the thread first came out).

A row of half cross stitch

Some charts uses half cross stitches, these can be used to soften the edges of an object or background.

This stitch is performed by doing numbers 1-2 in the diagram; a row of them can be done by doing numbers 1-4.

1/4 stitch
3/4 stitch

Part Stitches

Part stitches are sometimes used where you need to have more than one colour on a single block of fabric.

Where two colours share one square on the chart, perform 3/4 stitch in the prominent colour, and finish the square with a 1/4 stitch of the other colour (see diagram).

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